در مجموعه ۶ دقیقه با بی بی سی هر برنامه پیرامون موضوعی بحث میکند که به شما در تقویت زبان انگلیسی به خصوص تقویت Listening و Vocabulary کمک شایانی مینماید ، همراه ما باشید با این برنامه

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hello and welcome to six minute English
I’m Neil and I’m Dan in this program
we’re going to hear from someone who
smells smells for a living
although these are very expensive smells
smells that we were deliberately to make
us smell good
oh you mean scents and perfumes yes and
perfumes are big business and that’s the
topic of our quiz in this program how
much is the perfume industry in the UK
worth each year is it a six hundred and
fifty million pounds be nine hundred and
seventy million pounds or see 1.3
billion pounds well I don’t knows earth
smell nose this is just a guess but I’ll
say nine hundred and seventy million
pounds well I’ll let you know the answer
a little later in the program now let’s
hear from Raja dev who is a perfumer he
designs and creates very exclusive and
very expensive perfumes in a recent BBC
video he talked about the power of
smells what does he say there is a very
deep psychological connection between
who we are as a personality and the type
of smells we like when we’re born the
part of our brain which deals with smell
is empty so we learn our response to
smell and then when we smell that odor
on together or a catalyst that will
revive the original associational memory
so Dan what does he say there’s a very
deep psychological connection between
between our personality and the kind of
smells we like the point he’s making is
that the smells we experience when we’re
very young can have a big psychological
impact on us even later in life I know
that feeling smell is a very powerful
sense the smell of something can take
you right back in time and fill you with
emotions exactly for example when I walk
through the perfume area of a department
store I always feel a bit nostalgic
because I can smell the perfume my first
girlfriend used to wear it’s a powerful
used particular words and expressions to
describe this didn’t he yes first he
used the word odorant to describe the
smell it’s not really a common word we
use it more frequently as part of the
word deodorant which is something we buy
to cover up what we think of as the
unpleasant natural smell of our bodies
these odorants he said can act as the
trigger or catalyst for these memories
both the nouns trigger and catalyst
refer to something that causes a
particular response so a particular
smell can be a trigger or catalyst for a
particular emotion as well as being a
trigger for memories smells can
according to Dov say a lot about your
personality here he is again talking
about the kind of scent to wear if you
want to give a particular impression
what does he say these scents make you
appear very strong at the idea of the
message you give off with scent I think
can’t be underestimated my suggestion
would be to look for very very woody
mossy structured scents called Shapeways
if the message you want to give across
is that you are not someone to be messed
with very very strong in business or
whatever just not to be messed with so
what did the sense he described make you
seem strong at business they can make
you seem very very strong in business
hmm and how does he explain that well he
says that some sense give off a
particular message the phrasal verb give
off is often used to describe something
that we broadcast about ourselves
without saying anything so he’s saying
that our scent our perfume can give off
a message about the kind of person we
are and that we shouldn’t underestimate
that if you underestimate something you
don’t give it as much importance as it
should have you don’t take it seriously
enough then he goes on to talk about the
particular scent that gives off the
impression of being very strong in
business yes it’s a woody mossy scent
which suggests that you are not someone
to be messed with not to be messed with
yes someone to be taken seriously so
one who’s serious and who you don’t want
to try and trick right and talking of
tricking did we trick you with the quiz
I asked what was the value of the
perfume industry in the UK and I said
nine hundred and seventy million pounds
and it was actually option C which was
an incredible 1.3 billion pounds wow
that is a lot of smelly stuff
it is indeed right now time for a
vocabulary recap what words and
expressions did we have today well first
we had odorant an unusual word for
something that smells then two words
with a very similar meaning a trigger
and a catalyst both of which refer to
something that can make something else
happen in this case it was a particular
smell making us remember something from
the past so sense can send us to the
past but they can also say something
about our personality yes they can send
unspoken information or give off
messages and these messages should not
be underestimated if you do
underestimate the importance of smell it
means that you don’t take those messages
seriously and finally we heard the
phrase to mess with someone to mess with
someone means that you don’t take them
seriously you caused them trouble and
that may cause you trouble well I
certainly wouldn’t want to mess with you
judging by the messages you’re giving
off oh you mean my aftershave makes me
seem powerful actually I was thinking
more of the egg sandwich you had for
I really wouldn’t underestimate the
power of that note I think it’s time to
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